CHAPTER   5            Political Parties

Chapter 5, Section 1

   1.   Define a political party.

   2.   List and describe the functions of political parties.


Chapter 5, Section 2

   3.   Explain why the United States has a two-party system.

   4.   Compare the characteristics of one-party and multiparty systems.

   5.   Describe party membership patterns in the United States.


Chapter 5, Section 3

   6.   Describe how political parties have developed in this country.

   7.   Identify and describe the three major periods of single-party domination and describe the current era of divided government.


Chapter 5, Section 4

   8.   List and describe the different types of minor parties.

   9.   Explain the importance of minor parties.


Chapter 5, Section 5

  10.   Describe the factors that make the major parties highly decentralized.

  11.   Explain how the major parties are organized.

  12.   Outline the three components of a major party.

  13.   The present, weakened state of the parties can be traced to several factors. List these and briefly explain each.


CHAPTER_6             Voters and Voter Behavior

Chapter 6,  Section 1

1.    How did the right to vote evolve in the United States?

2.    What does the Constitution say about the right to vote? What are the five restrictions placed on the States?


Chapter 6, section 2

3.    What are the universal requirements for voting in the United States?

4.    How have States restricted voting rights in the past ?

5.    What is the essential purpose of voter registration?

6.    What is the Motor Voter Law? What is its purpose?

7.    What category of persons is denied the vote?


Chapter 6, section 3

8.    Describe the 15th Amendment and the tactics used to circumvent it in an effort to deny African Americans the vote.

9.    Explain the significance of the early civil rights legislation passed in 1957, 1960, and 1964.

10.    Why was the Voting Rights Act of 1965 important?


Chapter 6, section 4

11.    What is the size of  scope/size of the nonvoting problem in the United States?

12.     Identify the causes for nonvoting. What is the chief cause for nonvoting?

13.     What is political socialization?

14.    List three of the sociological factors that affect voting behavior

15.    List three of the psychological factors that affect voting behavior

16.    What is the most significant, lasting indicator of an individuals voting behavior?



CHAPTER   7            The Electoral Process

Chapter 7, Section 1

   1.   Why is the nominating process a critical first step in the election process? What is the oldest form of the nominating process?

   2.   Examine the reasons why the caucus gave way to the convention as the dominant nominating method.

   3.   Outline the different forms of direct primary.

   4.   Examine the ways in which petitions are used in the nominating process.


Chapter 7, Section 2

   5.   Explain the reasons why the details of the election process are so important.

   6.   Explain where and when elections take place. Define precinct

   7.   Explain what a ballot is and outline the many forms it takes.

    8.   Briefly summarize the increasing role of electronic voting devices (see automated voting).


Chapter 7, Section 3

   9.   What are political action committees (PACs).

  10.   What are some of the reasons why people give money to parties/candidates?

11. Examine the ways in which the use of money is regulated in elections today.

12. How did soft money create a loophole in federal election-finance law?

13. How do soft money and hard money differ?